Sunday, July 29, 2018

AMMP Sharks!

A Million More Pages discussion on goodreads


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Duration: one month August 1 - 31 

If you are anything like me, summer reminds you of going to the beach. But danger lurks near the shore in the form of sharks. There are over 500 species of sharks, and sharks live in all sorts of habitats, from the icy waters of Greenland to the rivers in Asia. Come along if you dare and learn more about some of the unique sharks that live near us in the waters around the world.

Here are 12 different species of sharks, some of which are vulnerable to extinction due to over fishing, changes to the environment, or shark finning.

Shark #1 - Great White - Vulnerable to Extinction



The Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) is most famous as the shark in the book and movie "Jaws" by Peter Benchley. It is responsible for the greatest number of attacks on humans, although we are not its preferred source of prey. They can grow up to 20 ft long and weigh up to 4,200 lbs. There are no natural predators for this majestic fish, other than on very rare occasions the killer whale.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book made into a movie.
2. Read a book featuring a serial killer.
3. Read a big book (over 400 pages). 
481 pages The Perfect Couple Elin Hilderbrand 8/2/18

Shark #2. Frilled Shark - Least Concern for extinction



The frilled shark (Chlamydoselachus anguineus) can be found off the coasts of Norway, Scotland, Ireland, France, Morocco, Mauritania, Brazil, United States, Suriname, Japan, New South Wales, Tasmania, Australia, New Zealand, and Chile. It has an eel shaped body and has been likened to a sea serpent. This shark can reach heights of 6 ft, so is one of the smaller sharks. As of the last decade this shark has moved from near threatened to least concern for extinction.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book set in one of the countries where this shark can be found.
2. Read a book tagged Fantasy.
3. Read a book featuring someone described as "small". 

Mulberry Moon Catherine Anderson 8/5/18

Shark #3 - Ganges Shark - Critically Endangered



The Ganges Shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is found in the Ganges River and Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. This is truly one of the smaller sharks with a maximum adult length of 80 inches. This shark is a fresh water shark and lives only in rivers. This species of shark is on the critically endangered list.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book with a river on the cover.
2. Read a short book (125-150 pages).
3. Read a book where someone is in danger. 
Easy Nights Kristen Proby 8/4/18

Shark #4 - Bull Shark - Near Threatened



The Bull Shark (Carcharhinus leucas) is known as the most dangerous shark in the world. Bull sharks live in both brackish water and fresh water, and like to swim near the shorelines. They are aggressive and along with great whites and tiger sharks, are one of the species most likely to attack humans. Bull sharks have been seen to be leaping up river, like salmons, to reach inland lakes.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book where the MC is in imminent danger.
2. Read a book featuring a body of water on the cover (i.e., river, lake or ocean).
3. Read a book where the author's initials can be found in BULLSHARK.

Kiss Me, Kill Me Allison Brennan 8/2/18

Shark #5 - Hammerhead - Endangered



Hammerhead sharks (Sphyrnidae) are best well known for their unique head features which are flattened and laterally extended into a "hammer" shape This unique shape allows them to see with 360 degree vision. They can be found along the coastlines of warmer water environments. 



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book with a clairvoyant or fortune teller (360 degree vision).
Born in Blood Alexandra Ivy 8/10/18
2. Read a book with a hammer on the cover or in the text.
3. Read a book set on a warm coastline environment.


Shark #6 - Tiger Shark - Near Threatened



Tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) have an average lifespan of 15 years. They are second only to the great white in attacking people. Tiger sharks migrate to Hawaii in June to feed on albatross. They are known to eat almost anything including license plates and old tires.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book tagged YA.
2. Read a book with a car on the cover.
3. Read a book set in Hawaii.

Shark #7 - Megalodon Shark - Extinct (or are they???)



Megalodon (Carcharodon megalodon) is a pre-historic shark that lived 23 to 2.6 million years ago. Believed to be up to 59 ft (18 meters) long and have a bite force of up to 182k newtons. There is some debate as to whether this shark was the predecessor of the great white shark, the basking shark or the whale shark. Science fiction writers have written several books where the Megaladon shark is still alive in the deep waters off the coral reefs and antarctic ice floats.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a really big book (600+ pages)
2. Read a book tagged science fiction
3. Read a book where the author's initials can be found in MEGALODON


Shark #8 - Thresher Shark - Vulnerable to Extinction



Thresher sharks (Alopias macrourus) are listed as vulnerable to extinction. They are solitary creatures which keep to themselves. They are also one of the few shark species known to jump fully out of the water, making turns like dolphins. They use their unique tails to slap the water and stun their prey before eating them.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book with something leaping out of the water on the cover.
2. Read a book where someone or something stuns another.
3. Read a book with a loner character.


Shark #9 - Bahamas Saw Shark - Insufficient Data on Endangered Status



The Bahamas sawshark (Pristiophorus schroederi) lives in the western Central Atlantic Ocean from the Bahamas and Cuba. Sawsharks have a long and flat saw-like rostrum studded with teeth. The maximum size for this shark is 3 ft and unlike most other sharks, it is brown rather than gray and white.



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book that has a 3 in the page count. 309 pages Without a Trace Colleen Coble 8/6/18
2. Read a book with a brown cover.
3. Read a book with a saw-like shape on the cover.


Shark #10 - Greenland Shark - Near Threatened



The Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) is a large shark living off the Northern Atlantic and Arctic oceans. It has one of the longest known lifespans of sharks, living between 300-600 years. It is similar in size to the great white shark, and is known as a scavenger in terms of what it eats. It has been known to eat seals, polar bears, reindeer, horses, and moose. The flesh of the Greenland shark is toxic because of the presence of high concentrations of trimethylamine oxide (TMAO).



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book featuring poison.
2. Read a book with a really old character (80+).
3. Read a book with one of these animals on the cover: seal, polar bear, reindeer, horse or moose.


Shark #11 - Japanese Wobbegong Shark - Insufficient Data on Endangered Status



The Japanese Wobbegong shark (Orectolobus japonicas)) is known for its "shaggy beard" or skin growths around its mouth. It is one of the carpet sharks that live near the bottom of the ocean floor. These sharks are ovoviviparous, giving birth to up to 20 pups in a litter. The Japanese wobbegong occurs in the Northwest Pacific, from Japan, China and Korea to Vietnam,



To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book with a large family (6+ members).
2. Read a book with a beard on the cover.
3. Read a book set in the Northwest Pacific. 
When We Found Home Susan Mallery 8/11/18

Shark #12 - Spinner Shark - Near Threatened



The Spinner Shark (Carcharhinus brevipinna) is unique in its feeding habits. When feeding on schools of forage fish, they speed vertically through the school while spinning on their axis, erupting from the water at the end. 

Youtube Video of Spinner Shark Jumping: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLYqz...

The spinner shark is a fast, active swimmer that sometimes forms large schools, segregated by age and sex. Its habitat is worldwide as shown in the map below:


By Chris_huh - Compagno, Leonard; Dando, Marc & Fowler, Sarah (2005). Sharks of the World. Collins Field Guides. ISBN 0-00-713610-2., CC BY-SA 3.0Link




To earn this badge read one of the following:
1. Read a book set in one of the following countries: Brazil, Argentina, Cuba, Namibia, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Japan, Australia, or Vietnam.
2. Read a book with something that spins on the cover.

Lucky Charmed (Charmed in Texas, #2) by Sharla Lovelace Lucky Charmed Sharla Lovelace 8/9/18 
3. Read a book set at a school.


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