Thursday, August 9, 2018

CCC A Murder of Crows: Collective Nouns

Crazy Challenge Connection discussion on goodreads


A Murder of Crows: Collective Nouns
Duration: Aug 01, 2018 - Jan 01, 2019

I've always been interested in collective nouns, and how they came about. So when I accidentally came upon a book by Chloe Rhodes called An Unkindness of Ravens, which talks about the origins of some of the popular collective nouns, I grabbed it and read the whole thing in a day. And, obviously, I wrote a challenge based on what I read there. If this topic interests you, please check the book out. There are a lot more nouns, and it's very detailed and interesting. 

There are 15 tasks in each of the three sections: People, Birds and Animals. To finish, read books that fit 10 tasks in all 3 sections. (That will be 30 tasks to complete). You don't have to choose the tasks now, you can fill them up as you go. 

THE CHALLENGE


People

1. A Fighting of Beggars: Fighting doesn't really mean rowdiness of medieval beggars, but from the Middle English word fytin, which meant mendacious or lying. This suggests the word came from the medieval beggars' tendency of telling tall tales in the hopes of obtaining alms. 
! Read a book in which a fight occurs -or- read a book with a poor character who has to depend on the charity of others.
Cooper's Charm Lori Foster 8/31/18

2. A Rascal of Boys: Rascal was used in medieval times the same way we use rabble or mob, not referring to an individual ruffian, but to a noisy, boisterous and trouble-making gang. It was also classist, Englishmen below the rank of Esquire as being decided into the sub-categories of Gentlemen, Yeomen and Rascals, Rascals being the bottom of the pile.
! Read a book with a child or teenage male protagonist -or- read a book marked "Coming of Age". 

3. A Draught of Butlers: Butlers get their names from the fact that in wealthy households in which they served, their primary duty was to take charge of the buttery, where butts of wine were stored. A lot of wine was drunk in the noble households of the Middle Ages and one of the responsibilities of the butler was to select the wines his master might most enjoy. To do so, he usually sampled the wine – the "draught" referred to the tasting sample of wine drawn off for him to taste. (It might have also been his favorite part of the job!)
! Read a book with an alcoholic beverage on the cover (post the cover) -or- read a book with a snooty butler in it. 

4. A Hastiness of Cooks: Large scale cooking in the Middle Ages was a tricky business. The food would be prepared on rough wood trestle tables in the vast caverns of the kitchen, while the main fire was readied for the spit, where huge cuts of meat and often whole pigs were roasted over the open flames. Other foods were boiled together in a large cauldron, wrapped in pieces of cloth to keep them separate. Before a big castle feast there would be many cooks hurriedly working to get everything ready to serve, so a "hastiness" would certainly be an appropriate collective noun. There was also another interpretation, that the term was meant ironically, medieval cooks were in fact the opposite of hasty, especially when a hungry nobleman was impatient for his feast.
! Read a book with a main character who makes a living cooking or baking -or- read a book that has recipes.
Lost Rider Harper Sloan 8/15/18

5. A Skulk of Friars: Friars were roaming priests who had no ties to a monastery, but could hear confessions and grant penance nonetheless. They did belong to a holy order, to which they took vows of poverty and committed to living only on what they could beg for. But Catholic guilt was so pervasive back then that they could make comfortable livings from the donations of people anxious to be absolved of their sins. Their autonomy made them suspicious in the eyes of the establishment, and their reputation for profiteering meant they were distrusted by the people. They also had to skulk around in places where they could most readily take advantage of the guilty consciences in need of absolution. 
! Read a book with a Catholic character -or- read a book whose title or author's first or last name starts with an FR.
Blessed Are the Meek Kristi Belcamino 8/12/18

6. A Laughter of Hostelers: One of the most affectionate collective nouns of people, a laughter of hostelers can perhaps be explained by the fact that the hosteler was the provider of comfortable lodgings, food and ale. The term evokes an image of a jolly, welcoming, and possibly not 100 percent sober proprietor of a fourteenth century inn. 
! Read a book at least partially set in a hotel/inn/b&b -or- read a book that made you laugh.
Settling Up Eryn Scott 8/13/18

7. A Damning of Jurors: Damning comes from the Middle English word dampnyng, which itself comes from the Old French word dampner, which means to injure or condemn. In God fearing Middle ages, this would mean that one's crimes made one worthy of damnation. Before the Thirteenth Century and the signing of Magna Carta, anyone accused of a crime could be charged, tried and sentenced by the lord of the manor and his staff. Even with the advent of trial by jury, the judge/lords still had a large role to play in determining the outcome of a trial and the jury would take their lead from him. A "damning" verdict was one that found the plaintiff guilty of the crimes they were charged with.
! Read a book with a courtroom scene (bonus for a guilty verdict!) -or- read a book in which all the words in the title start with a letter in "MAGNACARTA" (3 words minimum, all words count!)

8. A Bevy of Ladies: A bevy was the proper term for a company of maidens or ladies, of roes, of quails or larks. This would be reserved for women in the upper tiers of society – they share the noun with delicate creatures like deer and birds – as opposed to women of ill-repute, who were grouped with cattle ("herd of harlots"). However, roes, quails and larks were still quarry, so in a way it is fitting that it was used for the ladies, since they too belonged to the lord of the manor just as much as the livestock did.
! Read a book set in a place or time where women do not have basic human rights -or- read a book whose main character is a high society lady. 
A Gathering of Secrets Linda Castillo 8/19/18

9. An Eloquence of Lawyers: When this term made its appearance, the justice system was just beginning to emerge from the grip of feudalism. Lords had professional pleaders working for them who represented the interests of the manor in the county courts. They also sometimes represented the plaintiff. These were laymen, and as they became experienced and sought after, they began to charge a fee for their work and the legal profession was born. By the fifteenth century, pleaders had come to be called barristers, and a structured system of education was in place. With the success of their career depending entirely on their ability to convince a judge of their point, eloquence was the most important attribute a lawyer could have.
! Read a book whose language or prose you really like (and think eloquent) -or- read a book that pushes a particular world view (you don't really have to agree or disagree with the view, just that the author's point comes across. Tell us how the book works). 

10. An Abominable Sight of Monks: Monks weren't popular with the masses in the Middle Ages, they were practically hated by the populace since the advent of the Christian Church. The idea was that they had taken away the ancient rites and customs from the people, and no one knew how the new ones were to be attended to. This resentment was exacerbated by a perception of monks as being over-privileged and greedy. Abominable here means creating moral revulsion, and that would be the exact description of how the populace viewed monks. 
! Read a book that has something you find revolting (could be a physical act or a character's morality, tell us what) -or- read a book with a non-Abrahamic religion.
Pedophila/Magical Mind Control 
Serpentine Laurell K. Hamilton 8/18/18


11. A Misbelief of Painters: Painters here meant specifically artists of portraits. The aim of medieval portraiture was to present the sitter as they hoped to be remembered after their death. The populace didn't particularly care about accurate representation of physical appearance as much as the symbols of their social status. As long as the clothing and heraldry were accurate, the rest could be tweaked as much as necessary to coax the sitter into commissioning the artist again and paying a handsome fee. A misbelief here meant an erroneous belief, rather than an inability or refusal to believe. The painter's job was to conjure misbelief in those who have viewed his work, to create the illusion of beauty even where he found none. 
! Read a book whose main character is an artist -or- read a book with an ugly cover (post the cover).
One Night of Trouble Elle Kennedy 8/4/18

12. A Lying of Pardoners: This is yet another description deriving from the populace desperately wanting to cleanse their sins. They used pardoners for this, friars or priests who claimed to be in close contact with the Pope, whom they said gave them the power to grant absolution. For a fee, obviously. Since the cleansing of the soul was not something that could be policed, this profession attracted a large number of fraudsters, armed with fake papal pardons and bogus relics. When ardent medieval believers found out that their pardoner they'd put their trust (and money) in had never been to Rome, they felt hard done by. 
! Read a book with a charlatan of some sort -or- read a book whose author's initials (first, last and middle if they have any) appear in the word "ABSOLUTION".
Kiss Me, Kill Me Allison Brennan 8/2/18

13. An Impertinence of Peddlers: Selling goods from door to door was a new thing in medieval times. As farms began to move from agriculture to livestock, many laborers found themselves out of work. Some made ends meet by procuring and selling household goods like fabric, needles, ribbons and cutlery. In rural areas, they also added wine, rosary beads, lace, eyeglasses and spices to their wares. They were heavily taxed and often struggled to make a profit, so they usually charged as high a price as they could get away with, and this gave them a reputation of dishonesty. The reputation for impertinence was gained through the aggressive pushing they would employ to sell their wares.
! Read a book that you were sold on by someone else, be it a friend or a blog you trust (let us know who) -or- read a book with any one of the objects mentioned above on the cover (post the cover).

14. A Disguising of Tailors: In the Middle Ages, what people wore really mattered, as they stood as a symbol of your position in society. But this had the adverse effect of hitting nobles in the pocket, leading to debt and bankruptcy. So much so that Queen Elizabeth I was determined to put a stop to this sort of scandal and also to reinforce the class boundaries that had been blending slightly with the rise of wealthy but low-born merchant class. Her solution? Sumptuary laws, which dictated the goods and clothes that could be purchased by each class of person, along with rules about the fabrics, colors and cuts that were permitted. Shakespeare uses this law effectively - clothing is used a means of disguising his characters in many of his plays. The clothes of a gentleman conferred the status of a gentleman, and in this way, the tailor was equipped to provide a disguise.
! Read a book in which the main character disguises themselves for whatever reason -or- read a Shakespearean play.
A Dangerous Game Heather Graham 8/24/18

15. A Worship of Writers: Britain's first printing press was established in 1476 and before this the only books in circulation were handwritten. Even after the press was up and running, each letter had to be individually set, there were no big printing runs, there was certainly no money to be made from writing books. The only way writers could make a living was to depend upon the support of a wealthy patron. And patrons expected something in return, at the very least, kind words to be written about them in return. Writers of the time usually included fawning dedications at the beginning of new works. 
! Read a book whose main character is an author -or- read a book whose total page number contains any two of the following numbers: 1, 4, 6 or 7 (tell us the number of pages). 
Meant to Be Melody Grace 8/14/18

Birds

1. A Murder of Crows: While most terms for groups of birds are linked to their song or habitat, this one has its roots in bird behavior and medieval folklore. With their dark feathers and jet-black eyes, crows were regarded by fifteenth century peasants as sinister creatures of the night. Along with other corvids such as ravens and rooks, they were believed to be messengers of the Devil or witches in disguise. They were also suspected of having prophetic powers and the appearance of a crow on the roof of a house was taken as an omen that someone inside would soon die. Crows are also scavengers, often feeding on the carcasses of dead animals and gathering in great numbers over battlefield or near sick livestock. 
! Read a book with the word MURDER in the title (no variations!) or read a book in which the Devil is a character.

2. A Skein of Geese (in the Air): A skein is used instead of a gaggle when a flock of geese is in flight. The word has been in use since around 1400 and is a shortening of the Old French escaigne, which meant a hank of yarn. A hank or skein of yarn is a long length of yarn folded back on itself in a shape similar to the 'v' formation that airborne geese fly in when they travel long distances. Other collective nouns for flying geese include a team or wedge, both of which make reference to this same distinctive group-flying tactic.
! Read a book with a flying object (either man-made or natural) on the cover (post the cover) -or- read a book whose title begins with a V (ignore a, an and the).
Better To Rest (Liam Campbell, #4) by Dana Stabenow Better To Rest Dana Stabenow 8/31/18

3. A Gaggle of Geese (on Land): Gaggle of geese is perhaps one of the most memorable collective nouns. It comes from the sound geese make to each other while waddling along. Gaggle is also used as a collective noun for gossipy women. 
! Read a book in which a character is a terrible gossip -or- listen to an audiobook (bonus for a narrator as irritating as the gaggle of geese). 
Lucky Charmed Sharla Lovelace 8/9/18

4. A Charm of Goldfinches: Initially a chirme or chirming of goldfinches, it became charm in the sixteenth century. Goldfinches are tiny and pretty and charming, so charm feels like the right word to describe the goldfinches. However, chirm actually didn't mean charm in the Middle Ages, it simply meant to chirp. 'Chirm' referred specifically to the chattering, trilling song characteristic of finches. 
! Read a book whose title has changed since original publication (mention both titles) -or- read a book with a golden object on the cover (post the cover).

5. A Cast of Hawks: Hawking was a section of the medieval hunt that really underlined the supremacy of the upper echelons of the aristocracy. Proficiency in hawking was considered an essential quality in gentlemen of rank across the country. There were also strict rules about the type of bird each member of the nobility should use when hawking. The king should fly a gyr falcon (male and female), a prince should have a peregrine falcon and so on. A cast of hawks refers to the number of hawks cast off (released by the falconer) at a time: a couple.
! Read a book which mentions hawking -or- read a book about royalty.

6. A Siege of Herons: The word siege comes from the Latin word sedere, meaning to sit, and it was used in the Middle Ages as a collective noun for herons because of the bird's hunting methods. Herons sit on their nest or stand, one legged, in the water, completely motionless, until a fish passes, oblivious to the predator waiting to pounce. Once the fish is within reach, the heron brings down its bill and plucks the fish from the water and so medieval hunting guides describe the heron sitting on the riverbank as being 'at siege'.
! Read a book that you can read in one sitting (must be greater than 150 pages, 300 if it's a graphic novel) -or- read a book whose cover shows someone sitting (post the cover).
The Harder You Fall (The Original Heartbreakers, #3) by Gena Showalter The Harder You Fall Gena Showalter 8/3/18

7. A Deceit of Lapwings: The collective noun is inspired from the natural behavior of the bird when threatened. Lapwings are waders that build their nests on bare ground, usually just a scrape in the sand or mud. So, the only protection the birds have is the ability to see potential predators as they approach. To defend their brood, lapwings will mob predators to scare them away, but the birds are also known for using distraction techniques as a means of defending their young. They've been found fiercely protecting decoy nests and parent birds will hop on one leg with their wing extended as if broken to entice predators away from their chicks. 
! Read a book in which a decoy is set up for whatever reason (tell us how your book works) -or- read a book with sand on the cover (post the cover).
The Perfect Couple by Elin Hilderbrand The Perfect Couple Elin Hilderbrand 8/2/18

8. An Exaltation of Larks: Exaltation is defined as both a feeling of extreme happiness and the action of praising someone or something highly. A single lark's ascension into the sky while in full joyful song was traditionally known as exaltation, and later became the collective noun. 
! Read a book which makes you happy -or- read a book with an X anywhere in its title or author's name.
Exit Wounds J.A. Jance 9/15/18

9. A Tiding of Magpies: Magpies were believed to have potent prophetic powers in superstitious Middle Ages. The tidings they brought determined whether you'd find happiness or despair. Their message was thought to be found in the number of birds that appeared in a flock. A lone magpie was a harbinger of doom, in larger numbers, the bird could impart less sinister tidings. The old rhyme reveals the significance of the tidings: "One for sorrow, two for joy, three for a girl, four for a boy; five for silver, six for gold, seven for a secret never to be told". 
! Roll a seven-sided dice and read a book for the result:
#1: Read a book that has been described as a tear-jerker.
#2: Read a book that has a HEA.
#3: Read a book whose author is a woman. Racked and Stacked Lorelei James 8/11/18
#4: Read a book with a male protagonist.
#5: Read a book whose author has been nominated for an award of your choice but hasn't won.
#6: Read a book which has won one of the following awards: Booker, Pulitzer, Edgar, Rita, Hugo or Nebula.
#7: Read a book with a secret mentioned in the GR description or in the title.

10. A Watch of Nightingales: A male nightingale keeps singing long into the night, while other birds stop singing at dusk and go to sleep, in the hopes of attracting a mate. A watch could then signify staying awake at night to practice some religious observance. However, there's another interpretation, derived from a fable about the bird. The story is of a nightingale and a blindworm, each with only one eye. They were both invited to a wedding, but the nightingale was ashamed to go with just one eye. It then stole the eye from the blindworm. The worm swore that it would steal the eye back under the cover of darkness while the nightingale slept, so the bird never slept again at night, instead keeping a night watch. 
! Read a book that has the word "NIGHT" in its title (compound words are fine) -or- read a book with a eye(s) on the cover. (eye has to be prominent, post the cover).

11. A Parliament of Owls: This one is perhaps the most recent collective noun in this list. It comes from C.S. Lewis' Narnia series, in which he makes several subtle references to medieval literature. The work in question here is Chaucer's poem, 'The Parliament of Fowls', in which all the birds of the world gather together to find a mate. Lewis adapts this poem to describe a "parliament" of owls who meet at night to discuss the affairs of Narnia, in the sixth book of the series, The Silver Chair.
! Read a book that pays homage to an older book or movie (retelling of fairy-tales counts) -or- read a book that is the sixth in a series (name the series).
Easy Nights Kristen Proby 8/4/18 (Boudreaux #6)

12. A Muster of Peacocks: The term 'muster' probably comes from the French word moustre, meaning show or view, a reference to the male peacock's mating season ritual of parading its impressive tail to attract a peahen. The word is also a military term for a formal gathering of troops, which applies especially to gatherings for a display, which also tallies with the display of tail feathers.
! Read a book with a character that you would call a peacock -or- read a book with a feather(s) on the cover (post the cover).
Backseat Saints Joshilyn Jackson 9/11/18

13. An Unkindness of Ravens: The raven was another poor bird that was victimized by the Middle Age superstition. Anything that had anything to do with death was seen as evil or dangerous. Ravens were carrion birds, often they circled when an animal was close to its end. This behavior, combined with their black feathers, gave them a sinister reputation. There was also something the bird itself did that was to blame for the public perception of their unkindness: it expelled its young ones from the nest rather too soon. 
! Read a book with a 75% black cover (post the cover) -or- read a book in which a character is either a bad parent or has terrible parents.
Mulberry Moon Catherine Anderson 8/5/18

14. A Murmuration of Starlings: Murmuration is a word that is inspired by the sound made by the birds when they're flocking together. Starlings are gregarious birds and spend most months of the year in large flocks. They have an incredible range of vocal tools, chattering, chuckling, imitating other birds and even copying non-bird sounds, like tractor engines and motorbikes.
! Read a book whose title contains an unusual word you really like -or- read an anthology, containing stories by at least 4 authors.

15. A Pitying of Turtle Doves: Also called the mourning dove, the turtle dove's call was a representation of sorrow for poets through the ages. They've been described as piteous, which was interchanged with pitying. 
! Read a Christmas book -or- read a book in which a death occurs.
Ripper Lexi Blake 8/8/18

Animals

1. A Shrewdness of Apes: While we now know that apes do possess intelligence and cognitive abilities, it certainly would have surprised the populace in the Middle Ages. This particular collective noun comes from an older meaning of shrewd, which would have meant dogged or wicked, or from shrewen, meaning cursed. 
! Read a book which has an intelligent main character -or- read a book which uses words that are used differently in the present.
The Sexy One Lauren Blakely 9/10/18

2. A Sloth of Bears: No, bears were not mistaken for sloths. But the collective noun refers to the slow ambling pace of a bear as it made its way through the woodlands.
! Read a book that is slow-going -or- read a book with a walking person or animal on the cover (post the cover).
A Baby of Her Own (Dundee, Idaho, #1) by Brenda Novak A Baby of Her Own Brenda Novak 8/17/18

3. A Bask of Crocodiles: Basking is crucial if you are a crocodile. A croc is cold-blooded (ectothermic), which means that they can go without food for a long period of time. Crocs can go without food for a year if they need to. The trade-off for this advantage is that they cannot generate heat without exposing their bodies to sunlight. This is where basking comes in – they regulate their body temperatures while sitting on a nice rock, until they've managed to raise their temperatures enough to help with digestion and hunting. 
! Read a book with a croc making an appearance -or- read a beach read.
Crave Monica Murphy 8/29/18

4. A Litter of Cubs: The word cub here was used to describe the young ones of foxes, bears, lions, leopards and wolves, and the word litter applies to a number of any of these animals' cubs born to a mother at one time. It's also used for puppies and kittens. In Middle Ages, litter would have been most frequently used by huntsmen to describe wolf cubs. Its origin is Middle English, which is derived from the Latin word lectaria, meaning bed. 
! Read a book with any of the animals mentioned above prominently shown on the cover (post the cover) -or- read a book that is marked Children/Middle Grade on its main page (usual page count rules apply).

5. A Herd of Elephants: This is one collective noun owing entirely to public imagination than to anything observed. England way back when would have no exposure to elephants in the wild, and they were, to the public imagination, as fantastical as, say a dragon. The herd concept comes from an account – the Harley Manuscript – which describes elephants as follows: They are possessed of a vigorous memory and intelligence. They move about in herds (they salute with such movements as they are capable of), are afraid of a mouse, and are disinclined to breed. They live for 300 years.
! Read a book in which the main character has a phobia -or- read a book that is set at least 300 years before 2018 or at least 300 years after. 

6. A Busyness of Ferrets: For catching rabbits, the best weapon in the armory of the medieval huntsman was the ferret. Like hawking, ferreting was a popular pastime for the well-to-do. As hunting companions, ferrets were prized for their speed and tenacity and this collective noun pays tribute to their businesslike way of carrying out their work.
! Read a book with an assassin/hit man character -or- read a book with a main character whose first name starts with a letter in "FERRET" (tell us the name of the character).
Reese Between You and Me Susan Wiggs 8/13/18

7. A Band of Gorillas: In anthropology, a small subgroup of a tribe of indigenous people is referred to as a band. Since the first explorers to come across gorillas believed them to be primitive people, the same terminology was used. 
! Read a book in which a character is mistaken for someone else -or- read a book with an anthropologist character.
Love, Ruby Lavender Deborah Wiles 8/20/18

8. A Bloat of Hippopotami: A recent entry to the collective nouns, a bloat is a pretty accurate description of a hippo group. Hippos are the third largest land animal – trailing only elephants and white rhinos – and an average male weighs just under 8,000 pounds. Their bodies are covered with a layer of subcutaneous fat that helps them float well in rivers and they move laboriously on land, where they graze for up to four hours a night. 
! Read a book that is bloated (that you consider 200 pages too long) -or- read a book with a natural body of water on the cover (post the cover).
Without a Trace (Rock Harbor #1) by Colleen Coble Without a Trace Colleen Coble 8/6/18

9. A Kindle of Kittens: In Middle English, kindelen meant to give birth to, and probably had its roots in the Old Norse word of the same meaning - kynda. Kindle is still occasionally used by vets and cat protection charities to describe a group of kittens, even though litter is much more common. 
! Read a book with a kitten or cat on the cover (post the cover) -or- read a book on your Kindle.
Savor You Kristen Proby 8/28/18

10. A Leap of Leopards: Leopards were also not much known to the general public during the Middle Ages. While church documentation and heraldic art were sometimes spotty (the leopards were originally thought to be a crossbreed between a lion and a mythical beast called the Pard), their technique of springing on their prey was well known. 
! Read two books – one series book at least 4 positions higher than the other series book. The series needn't be the same. For example: if you read book #1 on Series A, the second book could be book #5 on series B.
Get Lucky Lila Monroe 9/2/18 (Lucky in Love #1)
In the Crease Toni Aleo 9/6/18 (Assassins #15)


11. A Pride of Lions: Pride is one of the oldest group names and one which is widely used even today. At the time of naming, pride would have meant a sense of pride in one's own high standing, referring to the animal's place at the head of the animal kingdom's hierarchy. Lions have no predators, and have been long thought of as noble.
! Read a book which can be described as a generational saga -or- read a book with a proud character.
By Invitation Only Dorothea Benton Frank 8/16/18

12. A Richesse of Martens: The European pine marten was considered a top prize for hunters in the Middle Ages. Of all the 'vermin of the chase', which included foxes, wild cats, polecats and squirrels, the marten was the most sought after because hunters could charge a substantial price for their pelts. The Tudor statutes of apparel meant that less readily available furs were worn by the royal family and the nobility. 
! Read a book with a cover that shows something that can be described affluent (a castle for example, or manicured gardens or a richly dressed person, post the cover) -or- read a book whose author shares a first or last name with a primary member of the House of Tudor (no variations).

13. A Troop of Monkeys: The monkeys get their group noun from the way they form tightly knit social groups with a clearly defined leader in the form of an alpha male. They also show aggression to neighboring groups, just as troops of cavalry might. In fact, some species exhibit displays of strength along the borders of their territories, just the way hostile troops of soldiers do.
! Read a book with an alpha male character -AND- read a book marked "War" on its main page.
More, Please Kate Aster 8/25/18

14. A Gam of Whales: A gam was used to describe a social gathering of whalers at sea – an occasion of companionship in what would be lonely voyages, with several years being spent at sea. When two whaling ships sailed past each other, the captains would steer their ships side by side and the crew from one ship would ferry across to the other. In a weird chicken and egg situation, no one knows if groups of whaling ships were called gams first or a gathering of prey that they were hunting. Both were called gams.
! Read a book set at least partially aboard a ship -or- read a book with a water based transportation on the cover (post the cover).

15. A Zeal of Zebras: More an attempt to create a memorable group name than anything really applicable to a zebra, zeal is one of the more recent additions to the collective noun. However, zebras are social animals, which could mean that the collective noun will actually be used. Also, zebras do exhibit sufficient zeal in defending their young against perceived threats.
! Read a book whose title starts with a Z (ignore a, an and the) -or- read a book with a black and white cover (title/author name can be a different color).


All the usual challenge rules apply, which are listed below:

CHALLENGE RULES - PLEASE READ!
See this thread for more detailed rules for CCC challenges.

❖ If you want to participate in a challenge, sign up by posting at least a partial list of the challenge requirements. This gives us a post to link you to, which you can use to update your books as the challenge progresses. 

❖ Books must be at least 150 pages long (unless they are graphic novels, see below) and may only be used for one task in this challenge, but cross-challenge posting is encouraged.

❖ Graphic novels must be at least 300 pages long, but two books can be combined to make up the page count as long as they both meet the same criteria.

❖ For each book you read, please post a link to the title and mention the author and the date you finished reading it. If a challenge task gives several options, make it clear which option you’ve chosen. If the task calls for an item/color on the cover, include a link to the book cover.* If it’s not obvious from the book title or cover, be sure to explain how your book fits the task. If you don’t, you won’t get credit for completing that task. 

❖ If you want the challenge moderator to verify those books as you post them, please copy/paste your update into a new message. If you do this while you still have the Edit window open, it will copy all of your formatting, etc. too. It will make it easier on the moderators if we won't have to scroll back through the entire thread looking for "message #15," or to follow links back to an original post.

❖ When you complete the challenge, please post your entire list as a new message to make it easier for everyone to see what you’ve read :) If you don’t repost your list, your name will not be added to the list of those who have completed the challenge. 

❖ Rereads are allowed, as long as you read the entire book and not just skim the best portions! :)

* If you don’t know how to post a link to the book title, cover or author, see the instructions HERE

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